Cold weather and a weak immune system can trigger a cough, sputum, fatigue and the likelihood of developing diseases of the bronchi.
Viruses are considered the most common cause of the disease, whose symptoms usually pass in a week or so, if not to run disease, according to Health.
But there may be other culprits. Here are the most common causes of bronchitis, on which you should know:
Bronchitis often develops from a cold or flu. The infection penetrates into the respiratory tract, namely in bronchial tube. If the infection moves deeper into the lung tissue, you can develop pneumonia.
The cause of flu is a flu virus and the common cold and subsequent bronchitis — multiple infections: rhinovirus, adenovirus, parainfluenza, respiratory syncytial virus, coronavirus, and others.
It is not always clear why some of the cold go into bronchitis, and some don’t, but that usually involves a kind of virus and human immunity.
Especially vulnerable people who were transplanted organs and who are taking immunosuppressants. People over 65 years, under 2 years or those with chronic disease (diabetes, asthma or COPD) are also at higher risk of developing bronchitis, and pregnant women. Even people with acid reflux are prone to bronchitis.
According to the American Association of the lung, bacteria are the perpetrators 10 % of all cases of bronchitis. In particular, we are talking about three bacteria: Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella of catarhalis and streptococcal pneumonia.
To other bacteria that can cause bronchitis include Mycoplasma pneumonia, pneumonia hladove (not the same bacterium that causes sexually transmitted disease) and pertussis Bacillus.
Bacterial bronchitis is usually found in people with chronic lung diseases. Other high risk groups include the elderly, young children, people with other serious diseases (cancer, diabetes, or asthma) and smokers.
Although smokers are more prone to bronchitis due to damage to the respiratory tract, cigarette smoke or other irritating substances can lead to the development of this disease.
When to go to the doctor
Most cases of bronchitis, even bacterial bronchitis, are themselves. You should stay in bed, drink plenty of fluids, and take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for pain relief. Usually antibiotics are not needed in case of bacterial bronchitis, if the disease lasts no more than two or three weeks.
However, the following symptoms it is better to consult a doctor: you have trouble breathing, you are constantly coughing and unable to engage in normal daily activities due to the strong Callum or lethargy.
The best way to prevent bronchitis? Get vaccinated against the flu. Strengthens the immune system. And don’t forget to wash your hands regularly to reduce the risk of infection.
Recall how to distinguish bronchitis from pneumonia.
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